Survivors' Stories

“The opposite of love is not hate, it’s indifference.”
Elie Wiesel

Hirsz Litmanowicz Gonjuch

  • From: Poland (Bedzin)
  • Liberated from: Germany (Lubek -on a Death March)
  • Deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau from: POLAND (BEDZIN)
  • Current Location: Peru (Lima)
  • Year of birth: 1931

Brief Bio

I was the youngest child in my family,  my mother was already a widower since 1933,  we lived in Bedzin, In 1939 , my oldest sisters Golda  (m +1 baby girl) and Masha, (m + 1 baby boy) were married, my sister Sarah was in a labor camp in the Sudetes , and my brother Nissim David was with us at home.

During the war, under the Nazi occupation, we were send to the Ghetto in Bedzin, in 1943 I lived in a Stable with an uncle, his wife and two daughters, my sister with her baby boy and my brother in law. 

In those dates the last citizens were sent to Nazi German Concentration and Extermination Camp Auschwitz, the Judenrein, and at that time was the final liquidation of the Ghetto, the people were destined directly  to the Gas Chambers.

In the last transport, Mengele and another doctor named Arnold Dohmen, choose a small group of 19 young boys, and we were taken to Auschwitz, we were tattooed we didn’t understand the reason, most of us were under the age of 18 years old.  We stayed in Auschwitz during three months, and we were transferred to Sacsenhausen, there Dr. Dohmen who was a scientist, that was looking to find a cure to the Hepatitis B, we stayed in Sacsenhausen until April 20 1945, we did the march of  death until we arrived in Lubeck , after 14 days walking to our freedom.

I went to an Orphanage in  Moisac, in the south of France where I spend 5 years, moved to Paris, and in 1952 I emigrated  to Lima Peru, where I married and had four children.

What does Auschwitz mean to you? 

Auschwitz for me is the extermination of all my beloved family.

Who will be accompanying you on this journey? 

My son Salomon  who lives in Lima, my daughters Jeannine and Masha who live in Israel, my granddaughter Danielle and her husband Rabbi David Basok who live in Wroclaw, Poland and their children my  great-grandchildren Noam and Gili.

*Would be be will be pleased to be interviewed by the press in the following languages French, German,
Spanish, and Yiddish , languages that I speak fluently.