I was born in Paris in February 1929. My parents came from Poland and stayed in Paris from 1922. They worked hard and built a little firm of buttons in Paris. I had a 6 years older sister Regine and a brother Marcel who was born in 1940. My father and sister Regine have been arrested in 1942 during Vel d’hiv rafle and deported to Nazi German Concentration and Extermination Camp Auschwitz. Because of anti Jewish law, I must quit the school at the age of ten. My mother went to free zone in Nimes (south of France) with her two children, hided by the train conductor. She hided me and my little brother in a protestant orphanage, whose Pastor Brunel has been recognized as a Tsadik after the war. But I escaped from this place and decided to go back to my mother’s. I have been denounced as I was walking in the street, and taken by the Nazis in March 1944. I was first shut in the jail of Nimes, then in Les Baumettes, the jail of Marseille; then in Drancy, and in Auschwitz (convoy Nb 71). The number that was tattooed on my arm is 78160. Then I was forced to walk to Bergen Belsen, and after in Ragun where I must work in a factory, then in Therezienstadt where I was liberated by the Russian soldiers in May 1945. Then I was first repatriated by the Red Cross in Lyon and after in Hotel Lutetia in Paris. I found my mother and little brother in Paris and it took a lot of time to regain weight and live a normal life. I met my husband at the beginning of 1947. He came from Hungary and his whole family was deported in Auschwitz. I get married in December 1947. I lived a hard, but very happy life with my husband who was a fantastic man, and my only child Martine, who get married in 1971, had an only daughter Sandrine who get married in 2000, who had 2 sons now aged 17 and 12.
What does Auschwitz mean to you?
DEATH – BARBARITY – WICKEDNESS – HUMAN DARKNESS
My message for future generations is…
DO EVERYTHING TO NEVER SEE THAT AGAIN
Who will be accompanying you on this journey?
My granddaughter Sandrine Rubinstein.
My daughter Martine now aged 70, my granddaughter Sandrine now age 46 and my 2 great grandsons Ethan and Elie are my revenge on the Nazis, whose ultimate goal was the complete annihilation of the Jewish people. Martine and Sandrine are very close to me and we love each other very much. I am comforted that Sandrine accompanies me and my daughter Martine thinks it’s very good for transmission.